Power filter the articles within your library - Papers 3 for Mac

Advanced filtering of your Papers library

One very powerful aspect of Papers is that you can filter your library in collections, labels, authors and sources mode using the search field at the top. For example, you can:

  • use operators like AND, OR, NOT, e.g. griekspoor AND groothuis

  • create complex queries using parenthesis, e.g. griekspoor AND (estrogen OR gfp)

  • use qualifiers to only search for specific fields, e.g. griekspoor[1AU] AND estrogen[TI] or so:nature AND vol:145

You can use the same qualifiers as listed below, allowing you to rapidly create complex queries like "All papers with the word cell in the title, published in 2012, with a rating of 4 and higher": ti:cell AND 2012 AND rt:4+


Using the same powerful syntax you can also filter your Papers library

Complete overview of search field qualifiers

Only available by typing and through the popover

all: All fields
ti:  Title
ab:  Abstract
au:  Author
1au: First Author
lastau: Last Author
so:  Source (journal)
pb:  Publisher
ed:  Editor
vol: Volume
nr:  Issue
pg:  Pages
yr:  Year
kw:  Keyword
id:  Identifier

Only available by typing:

acc: accession number
ad:  affiliation
av:  advisor
cat: catalog number
ci:  city
ck:  citekey
conf: conference name
cu:  country
doi: digital object identifier (DOI)
dp:  date published
gn:  grant number
ip:  issue (equal to nr:)
isbn: ISBN number
issn: ISSN number
ga:  group author
la:  language
lau: last author (equal to lastau:)
loc: location
org: organization
pat: patent number
ph:  photographer
pn:  part number
pt:  publication type (e.g. review)
rn:  report number
rw:  reviewer
sb:  subject
tw:  text words
ta:  journal/source (equal to so:)
tiab: title or abstract
tr:  translator
ts:  topic
vi:  volume (equal to vol:)

Only available when filtering your library:

nt:  notes
open: open access
pdf: full text PDF content
pt:  kind
rt:  rating (e.g. rt:3, rt:4+, rt:>3, rt:***)
rv:  review
suppl: supplemental files

Only available for certain search engines:

pmid: Pubmed ID
ut:   Web of Science ID
py:   published year
majr: major subject heading (Pubmed only)
mh:   MeSH heading (Pubmed only)
as:   assignee
aurv: author reviewed
bib:  bib code
cas:  CAS number
chem: chemical name
class: classification
coden: coden number
co:   comment
corp: corporate author
cy:   conference year
ic:   institution code
intl: internation classification
inv:  inventor
mr:   MR code
msc:  MSC primary secondary
latest: latest
obj:  object number
pacs: PACS number
pd:   predefined
pos:  position
sborg: sub organization
sc:   subject category
se:   series
sp:   conference sponsor
stn:  standard number
tirv: title reviewed
ve:   venue

If you enjoyed this article, check out our article about Advanced Search.

Did you find it helpful? Yes No

Send feedback
Sorry we couldn't be helpful. Help us improve this article with your feedback.